Reproduction and offspring
Tigers multiply sexually. Although it is known that they mate all year round, they are usually between November and April. Their gestation period is 16 weeks. A litter usually consists of three to four boys raised by the mother alone. The father does not matter in education.
Tiger babies usually leave their parents at around 8 weeks and are independent at 18 months. However, they stay with their mothers for more than two years.
Adult Bengal Tiger watching over his cub
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Tigers are listed as endangered species. Less than 3,200 tigers live in the wild. More than half of these tigers live in the forests of India. The main threats to tigers include poaching, habitat loss and the decline in prey populations. Although protected areas have been used for traditional Chinese medical practices.
The Indian subcontinent is still genetically strong. This indicates that, with appropriate conservation and adequate protection, tigers have the ability to recover as a species. In India, it is illegal to shoot tigers or trade in their skin or other body parts.
Today there are five subspecies of tigers, and each of these subspecies is classified as endangered. The five subspecies of tigers include Siberian tigers, Bengal tigers, Indochinese tigers, South China tigers and Sumatran tigers. There are also three other subspecies of tigers that have died out in the last sixty years. The extinct subspecies include Caspian tigers, Javanese tigers and Bali tigers.
Tiger and humans
Tigers have fascinated humans for millennia. Tiger images first appeared as a cultural symbol in the area, now known as Pakistan, almost 5,000 years ago. Tigers were part of the games in the Roman Coliseum.
Tiger attacks are relatively rare. Most man-eating tigers are older or incapacitated and therefore unable to hunt or overwhelm larger prey.
Modern cats first appeared about 10.8 million years ago. The ancestors of the tigers as well as the jaguars, leopards, lions, snow leopards and hellebores split off the other ancestral cat breeds early in the development of the cat family and today form the so-called Panthera descent. Tigers shared a common ancestor with snow leopards that lived about 840,000 years ago.